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Gandhian Democratisation: An Account Against Political Colonisation

Researcher name: Cristiano Gianolla

Representative democracy is a political system encompassing both theoretical and empirical limitations in realising the principle of democracy as power of the people. The sustainability of this system is based on the “political colonisation”, meaning that political power is held by a few subjugating the majority. Among the many different alternative democratic paradigms available, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has proposed insightful theoretical perspectives to achieve what Boaventura de Sousa Santos names “democratisation of democracy”, which by itself is a struggle against political-colonialism. After a systematic analysis of Gandhian political perspectives, this work comparatively analyses two political movements, in India (AAP) and Italy (M5S), struggling for “political anti-colonisation” and a democratisation of democracy making use also of civil disobedience. This implies a different concept of public sphere where people shape their own socio-political interaction as opposed to institutions, which should serve as simple implementing tools.

Keywords: Democratization of Democracy; Gandhian Democratisation; Political-Colonialism; Self-Rule, Swaraj; Political Dialogue; Civil Disobedience; Public Sphere
Countries of reference: India, Italy